What is Public Health?
Promote Optimal Health
Public Health covers a variety of activities designed to prevent the spread of disease and promote optimal health. It has been defined as “the art and science of maintaining, protecting and prolonging the health of the people through organized community effort”.
Promote A Healthy Community
Our activities primarily concentrate on prevention and education services to promote a healthy community. Most public health activities within a community are initiated by the local health department, with the approval of the board of health within its jurisdiction, which is the local health district.
Our vision is to have the healthiest community possible where residents can enjoy optimal physical, emotional, and environmental health.
Our mission is to assess, maintain, and improve the health and safety of the environment and community through quality public health services.
Essential Services for Public Health
- Monitor health status to identify community health problems.
- Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community.
- Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues.
- Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems.
- Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.
- Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety.
- Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provisions of health care when otherwise unavailable.
- Assure a competent Public Health care workforce.
- Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services.
- Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.
Richland Public Health personnel provide quality, customer focused, services with respect
Richland Public Health personnel are accountable to the residents of Richland County to behave responsibly and in a trustworthy manner in the provision of services to the citizens of Richland County.
Richland Public Health personnel use innovation in public health through teamwork among health department divisions and with our community partners to respond to the needs of our community.
Cincinnati and Columbus formally established boards of health.
Any Ohio city permitted to establish a board of health and city councils allowed to formulate regulations.
Township trustees given limited authority to prevent spread of small pox through quarantine.
State Board of Health organized.
All municipalities required to establish a board of health.
City of Mansfield starts its own City Health Department.
Hughes Act and Griswold Amendment
State director of health to be appointed by governor and term to be concurrent with the governor.
Standards established for local health departments.
Local health departments permitted to charge costs for all state-required environmental health programs.