COVID-19 Vaccine Questions and Answers

Richland Public Health is vaccinating all ages 18 and up. Call 419-774-4700 for appointments.

Richland Public Health has the Moderna vaccine for ages 18 and older. This requires two shots spaced one month apart.

What to know before getting your COVID-19 vaccine shot, What to do when you arrive for your vaccine shot, and what to know after you get your vaccine shot. Click HERE for that fact sheet.

NOTE (8/24/21): Richland Public Health is waiting for guidance from the CDC on booster shot doses. Booster shots will not start until September 20. Information will be posted here when we have more information to share.

NOTE (8/16/21): CVS and Walgreens pharmacies will be giving the newly authorized third shots to individuals with immunocompromising conditions. See the link below for contact information.


Find COVID-19 vaccine providers near you at

Want to know how Ohio is doing with its COVID-19 Vaccination Program? CLICK HERE for the COVID Vaccination Dashboard

Need to get tested for COVID-19? Click this link:



Yes. The CDC recomendations can be found HERE. 

Health precautions may differ by establishment and location. We recommend planning ahead by checking with the establishment you plan on visiting.

How to Continue to Protect Yourself

It’s best practice to continue doing everything you can to protect yourself and your family. That includes continuing to:

  • stay 6 feet away from people who aren’t from your household
  • limit the time you spend in indoor spaces, especially poorly ventilated ones
  • avoid crowds and close contact with unvaccinated people
  • wash your hands often with soap and water, or use hand sanitizer


Now that there are authorized and recommended COVID-19 vaccines in the United States, accurate vaccine information is critical.

Can a COVID-19 vaccine make me sick with COVID-19?

No. None of the recommended COVID-19 vaccines currently available in the United States contain the live virus that causes COVID-19. This means that a COVID-19 vaccine cannot make you sick with COVID-19.

There are several different types of vaccines available. All of them teach our immune systems how to recognize and fight the virus that causes COVID-19. Sometimes this process can cause symptoms, such as fever. These symptoms are normal and are a sign that the body is building protection against the virus that causes COVID-19. 

 You are considered fully vaccinated 2 weeks after your second shot in a two dose vaccine (Pfizer of Moderna) or 2 weeks after your first shot of a single dose vaccine (Johnson & Johnson)

Do I need a COVID-19 vaccine if I’ve already been exposed to the virus?

Yes. It’s unknown how long any COVID-19 antibodies that are in your system may protect you from the virus, or how high the levels in your system would need to be to offer you protection. There have been some reports of people that have been re-infected with COVID-19, which indicates that the natural immunity wears off over time. 

How soon can I get a COVID-19 vaccine after I’ve been sick with the virus?

Experts recommend that you wait until you are fully recovered from your infection and are no longer in isolation before you receive a COVID-19 vaccine.

    Will a COVID-19 vaccination protect me from getting sick with COVID-19?

    Yes. COVID-19 vaccination works by teaching your immune system how to recognize and fight the virus that causes COVID-19, and this protects you from getting sick with COVID-19.

    Being protected from getting sick is important because even though many people with COVID-19 have only a mild illness, others may get a severe illness, have long-term health effects, or even die. There is no way to know how COVID-19 will affect you, even if you don’t have an increased risk of developing severe complications. 

    Will a COVID-19 vaccine alter my DNA?

    No. COVID-19 mRNA vaccines do not change or interact with your DNA in any way.

    Messenger RNA vaccines—also called mRNA vaccines—teach our cells how to make a protein that triggers an immune response. The mRNA from a COVID-19 vaccine never enters the nucleus of the cell, which is where our DNA is kept. This means the mRNA cannot affect or interact with our DNA in any way. Instead, COVID-19 mRNA vaccines work with the body’s natural defenses to safely develop immunity to disease. 

    Last Updated May 26, 2021